Visually guided gradation of prey capture movements in larval zebrafish

TitleVisually guided gradation of prey capture movements in larval zebrafish
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsPatterson, B.W., A. O. Abraham, M. A. MacIver, and D. L. McLean
JournalThe Journal of Experimental Biology
Issue 216
Date Published04/2013

 A mechanistic understanding of goal directed behavior in vertebrates is hindered by the relative inaccessibility and size of their nervous systems. Here, we have studied the kinematics of prey capture behavior in a highly accessible vertebrate model organism, the transparent larval zebrafish (Danio rerio), to assess whether they use visual cues to systematically adjust their movements. We find that zebrafish larvae scale the speed and magnitude of turning movements according to the azimuth of one of their standard prey, paramecia. They also bias the direction of subsequent swimming movements based on prey azimuth and select forward or backward movements based on the prey's direction of travel. Once within striking distance, larvae generate either ram or suction capture behaviors depending on their distance from prey. From our experimental estimations of ocular receptive fields, we ascertain that the ultimate decision to consume prey is likely a function of the progressive vergence of the eyes that places the target in a proximal binocular "capture zone". By repeating these experiments in the dark, we demonstrate that paramecia are only consumed if they contact the anterior extremities of larvae, which triggers ocular vergence and tail movements similar to close proximity captures in lit conditions. These observations confirm the importance of vision in the graded movements we observe leading up to capture of more distant prey in the light and implicate somatosensation in captures in the absence of light. We discuss the implications of these findings for future work on the neural control of visually guided behavior in zebrafish.


First posted online April 25, 2013

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